Aging eyes in diabetes
What is Diabetes?
Diabetes is a group of metabolic disorders manifested by increased blood glucose levels (hyperglycemia).
Prolonged hyperglycemia leads to the occurrence of a series of pathological changes in the internal organs, especially in the eyes, kidneys, heart and blood vessels.
What is diabetic retinopathy?
Diabetic retinopathy is a diabetic retinal disease.
The increasing damage of small blood vessels causes an initially unintended damage to the retina and can lead to blindness.
Diabetic retinopathy is the most common cause of blindness in Europe and North America in people aged between 20 and 65 years.
The mechanism of diabetic retinopathy is very complex and is associated with the occurrence of numerous pathological, biochemical processes in the retina and in the blood vessels of the eye. They lead to the loss of nerve cells and changes in the blood vessels of the retina.
The causes of diabetic retinopathy:
– There are several causes known to induce diabetic retinopathy.
– The duration of the sugar disease
– Insufficient control of the blood glucose level
– High blood pressure; Is more prevalent in diabetics
– A diabetic renal damage
– An increase in blood fat levels
Symptoms of diabetic retinopathy
At the beginning of the disease, the affected person does not notice any symptoms. Only if the diabetic retinopathy is already advanced, visual disturbances occur. Objects are often only blurred.
If it comes to hemorrhage in the vitreous body, the patients perceive black spots, which are also referred to as black soot rain. The disorder of vision usually develops slowly and creepily, but if the patient experiences major bleeding or a retinal detachment, vision loss can suddenly occur.
If the diabetic retinopathy is not treated, a complete blindness of the affected person is possible. For this reason, diabetics should regularly examine the background of the eye, even if they do not have any restrictions on visual acuity.
What should diabetics consider to protect their eyes?
• Have your eyes examined regularly
• Follow the instructions of your eye-doctor / surgeon and ophthalmologist
• Keep a well-adjusted and controlled sugar level in the blood
• Keep a diabetic diary
• Take the prescribed medication regularly and control the blood pressure
• Keep an appropriate diet
• Check the level of blood lipids regularly
• Perform an active lifestyle (always in consultation with a doctor)
• Avoid smoking